TitleEvaluation of perennial ryegrass straw as a forage source for ruminants.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsFisher, MJ, Bohnert, DW, Ackerman, CJ, Schauer, CS, Delcurto, T, Craig, AM, Vanzant, ES, Harmon, DL, Schrick, FN
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume82
Issue7
Start Page2175
Pagination2175-84
Date Published2004 Jul
ISSN0021-8812
KeywordsAnimal Feed, Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Animals, Cattle, Digestion, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Ergot Alkaloids, Female, Food Contamination, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Indole Alkaloids, lolitrem B, Lolium, Male, Mycotoxins, perennial ryegrass, Random Allocation, Rumen, straw
Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate perennial ryegrass straw as a forage source for ruminants. Experiment 1 evaluated digestion and physiological variables in steers offered perennial ryegrass straw containing increasing levels of ergot alkaloid, lolitrem B. Sixteen ruminally cannulated Angus x Hereford steers (231+/-2 kg BW) were blocked by weight and assigned randomly to one of four treatments. Steers were provided perennial ryegrass straw at 120% of the previous 5-d average intake. Before straw feeding, soybean meal was provided (0.1% BW; CP basis) to meet the estimated requirement for degradable intake protein. Low (L) and high (H) lolitrem B straws (<100 and 1,550 ppb, respectively; DM basis) were used to formulate treatment diets: 100% L; 67% L:33% H; 33% L:67% H; 100% H (DM basis). Intake and digestibility of DM and OM, and ruminal pH, total VFA, and NH3-N were not affected by increasing lolitrem B concentration. Ruminal indigestible ADF (IADF) fill increased linearly (P = 0.01) and IADF passage rate decreased linearly (P = 0.04) as lolitrem B increased. Experiment 2 evaluated performance and production by 72 Angus x Hereford cows (539+/-5 kg BW) consuming perennial ryegrass straw containing increasing lolitrem B during the last third of gestation. Cows were blocked by body condition score and randomly assigned to one of three treatments. Cows were provided perennial ryegrass straw ad libitum and supplemented with soybean meal (0.1% BW; CP basis) to meet the estimated requirement for degradable intake protein. Mixtures of a L and H lolitrem B straw (467 and 2,017 ppb, respectively) were used to formulate treatment diets: 100% L, 50% L:50% H, 100% H (DM basis). Thirteen of 24 cows on the 100% H treatment exhibited signs of ryegrass staggers and were removed from the study; nevertheless, lolitrem B concentration did not influence pre- or postcalving weight or body condition score change. These data suggest that feeding perennial ryegrass straw containing up to 1,550 ppb lolitrem B (DM basis) did not adversely affect nutrient digestion or physiological response variables in steers. However, providing straw with a lolitrem B concentration of approximately 2,000 ppb (DM basis) resulted in 54% of cows exhibiting signs of ryegrass staggers. These data suggest that blending straws with a high (>2,000 ppb) and low (<500 ppb) concentration of lolitrem B can be a successful management practice.

URLhttps://www.animalsciencepublications.org/publications/jas/abstracts/82/7/0822175https://www.animalsciencepublications.org/publications/jas/pdfs/82/7/0822175
DOI10.2527/2004.8272175x
Alternate JournalJ. Anim. Sci.
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PubMed ID15309967