Title2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin inhibits zebrafish caudal fin regeneration.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsZodrow, JM, Tanguay, RL
JournalToxicol Sci
Volume76
Issue1
Pagination151-61
Date Published2003 Nov
ISSN1096-6080
KeywordsAnimals, Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases, Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Nuclear Translocator, Cell Division, DNA-Binding Proteins, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Extremities, Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins, Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon, Regeneration, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Transcription Factors, Zebrafish, Zebrafish Proteins
Abstract

Adult zebrafish completely regenerate their caudal fins following partial amputation. Fin regrowth can easily be monitored in vivo and regenerating tissues can be used to study this dynamic developmental process. In this study we determined that fin regeneration is significantly affected by exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Zebrafish caudal fins were partially amputated, and the fish received intraperitoneal (ip) injection of 2.8, 14, or 70 ng/g weight TCDD or vehicle control. By 7 days postamputation, fish exposed to the highest concentration of TCDD regenerated 15% of their fin compared to 65% regrowth in control fish. To determine if this effect was stage specific, zebrafish were exposed to 70 ng/g TCDD on 1, 2, 3, or 4 days postamputation. Fin regeneration was significantly inhibited at all time points following TCDD exposure. TCDD exposure also induced hyperpigmentation in de novo tissue. Zebrafish were dosed with BrdU, following fin amputation and TCDD exposure, to study changes in cell proliferation. By 4 days postamputation, cell proliferation rates were significantly lower in TCDD-exposed fish. TCDD toxicity is mediated through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), and RT-PCR experiments confirmed AHR2, ARNT2b, and TCDD-dependent CYP1A expression in the regenerating tissue. These results demonstrate that zebrafish caudal fin regeneration is a unique model to investigate molecular mechanism(s) of TCDD toxicity.

DOI10.1093/toxsci/kfg205
Alternate JournalToxicol. Sci.
PubMed ID12915709
Grant ListR01 ES010820 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
R01 ES10820 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States